Ganesh Festival one of the largest festivals in Maharashtra is on doorstep. Preparations for the festival have already begun in the city. Here we look at ill effects of the festival on environment and probable solutions for it.
Most of the times idols are made up of Plaster of Paris and coloured using oil paints which are not degradable and creates water pollution if immersed in river. Along with the idol, there are several accessories used during the worship which is collectively referred to as ‘Nirmalya’. These include flowers, fruits, coconuts, cloth, incense, camphor etc. Further, many people create elaborate temples out of thermocole to decorate their idols. Until some years ago, all these were also immersed along with the idols.
In last few years, PMC had built several artificial tanks to immerse of Ganpati idols and ‘Kalashes’ to receive ‘Nirmalya’. But the tanks were insufficient and were get full very soon. Also, PMC employees stood on idols hurting people’s sentiments. The water in tank became stinky and dirty forcing them to immerse idol in river.
To overcome this problem, we can use idols made up of clay and natural colours. Number and size of idol should be limited. Decoration should be recyclable.
The immersion procession goes on for hours and the traffic in Pune comes to standstill. And it also results in noise pollution. Loudspeakers can create problem to hospitals, old age homes, and educational institutes. Every year the police vows to finish immersion by dawn the next day and every year they fail, as the over-enthusiastic mandals break ranks and defy the police pleas to move faster.
To refrain from noise pollution loud music and fire crackers should be avoided. Speakers should be played within limited period and people should obey rules. More mandals means more noise more pollution and more dumped garbage. Instead of celebrating the same festivals at different mandals, make a huge mandal in the community.