WORLD WATER DAY – Dependence, high cost teach prudence

Echelon Cooperative Housing Society on BanerPashan Link Road gets its water from a tanker supplier who has doubled the charges at the start of summer. The 50-flat society is dependent completely on four tankers for its daily needs, but its members are trying to negotiate a better deal with the supplier while looking at ways to conserve water.

“We are trying to save eve ry drop. While we release water twice a day , we may do it once a day . In homes too, residents save on water by using the reject of RO filters for flushing and reusing water used for cleaning fruits and vegetables to water plants,“ Sudhir Mundkur, secretary of the society , said.

Many of the other 53 housing societies in this area rely on tankers to tide over their water requirement and pay hefty sums to the suppliers.With pipelines still being laid by Pune Municipal Corporation in this area, water conservation efforts are a high priority. The limited water and steep charges for tankers both warn of bigger crises, residents said.

Ban on car cleaning, reusing water from sewage treatment plants in toilets and for gardening and limiting outflow from taps by controlling the flow using valves are some measures societies use to minimise wastage.

Sushmita Sengupta, deputy programme manager (water) at Delhi-based Centre for Science and Environment, said urbanization in cities like Pune is so fast that water bodies have been lost and the area available for ground water recharge has shrunk.

“With everything choked, a Chennai-like flood situation is not very difficult to imagine.Moreover, with the civic body unable to meet the water de mand, consumers are resort to digging of borewells. Tanker suppliers too rely on the gro und water though the quality of water is not always the best.

A city-level plan to reple nish the gro undwater is necessary ,“ she said.

With complete dependence on tankers, societies have to buy water even if it is a pinch, admitted Kishore Mahajan, president of Baner Pashan Link Road Vikas Samiti. It is an association of residential societies in the area.

“The demand for water is high. Supply from the civic body is not properly managed and not equally distributed.The new water treatment plant in Warje has not really helped the city . The civic body should focus on equitable distribution of water,“ he said.

The crisis is man-made, said Col S G Dalvi (retd.), district manager (Pune) of The Climate Reality Project in India.Steps must be initiated now to avoid a worse situation in the next few years.

“We cannot blame the monsoon for the current crisis. We have not adhered to watershed management. In Marathwada, where monsoon has been deficit for the past few years, citizens and even the civic bodies have failed to recharge the rapidly falling groundwater table. We overextract ground water at an unsustainable rate leading to shortage,“ he added.

His remedy to the situation is large-scale rainwater harvesting in rural and urban areas. “It is the only solution to replenish the groundwater table. It also offers a huge job potential,“ he said. World Water Day on March 22 focuses on the importance of fresh-water and advocates sustainable management of fresh-water resources. This year’s theme is `Water and Jobs’.

Source : TOI

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‘जीपीएस’ नसणाऱ्या टॅंकरला पाणी भरण्यास मनाई

‘जीपीएस‘ यंत्रणा न बसविलेल्या टॅंकरला पर्वती जल केंद्रावर पाणी भरण्यास प्रशासनाने निर्बंध घातले आहेत. टॅंकरचा काळाबाजार रोखण्यासाठी हा निर्णय घेतला आहे. 1 ऑगस्टपासून “जीपीएस‘ यंत्रणा न बसविलेल्या टॅंकरला अन्य सर्व केंद्रांवर पाणी भरू दिले जाणार नसल्याची माहिती महापालिकेच्या पाणीपुरवठा विभागाचे प्रमुख व्ही. जी. कुलकर्णी यांनी दिली.

शहरातील सर्व भागांना समान पाणीपुरवठा होत नाही. त्यामुळे काही भागांत महापालिकेकडून टॅंकरद्वारे पाणीपुरवठा केला जातो. त्यासाठी महापालिकेचे सुमारे 15 टॅंकर असून, खासगी टॅंकरची संख्या सुमारे 200 आहे. परंतु काही टॅंकर हे अपेक्षित ठिकाणी पाणीपुरवठा न करता महापालिकेच्या हद्दीबाहेर जाऊन पाण्याची विक्री करत असल्याचे निदर्शनास आले. त्यामुळे सर्व टॅंकरना “जीपीएस‘ यंत्रणा बसविण्याचा निर्णय प्रशासनाने घेतला. त्यानुसार आतापर्यंत सुमारे 90 टक्के टॅंकरला ही यंत्रणा बसविल्याचे कुलकर्णी यांनी सांगितले. सुरवातीला अशी यंत्रणा बसविण्यास खासगी टॅंकर लॉबीने विरोध केला होता. परंतु प्रशासनाने कठोर भूमिका घेतल्यामुळे पुढील महिन्यापासून सर्वच टॅंकरना जीपीएस यंत्रणा बसविणे भाग पडणार आहे. या निर्णयामुळे प्रत्येक टॅंकरवर “लक्ष्य‘ ठेवता येणार असल्याचे कुलकर्णी यांनी सांगितले.

स्त्रोत : सकाळ

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पुण्याचा पाणीसाठा.. शुद्धीकरण प्रकल्प कार्यान्वित झाला नाही तर यंदाही अडचण..

पावसाने जुलै महिन्याच्या अखेपर्यंत ओढ दिल्याने गेल्या वर्षी पुणे शहराचे धाबे दणाणले होते. केवळ आठ ते दहा दिवस पुरेल इतकेच पाणी धरणात शिल्लक होते, तीव्र टंचाईमुळे पहिल्यांदाच एक दिवसाआड पाणी पुरवले जात होते. पावसाचे आगमन आणखी लांबले असते तर आणखी अडचण झाली असती. अशी परिस्थिती उद्भवणारच नाही, हे ठामपणे सांगता येत नाही. कारण या वर्षी आपले पाण्याचे नियोजन १५ जुलैपर्यंतचेच आहे. पुणे महापालिकेने मे महिन्यापर्यंत जलप्रक्रिया प्रकल्प पूर्ण करून ते पाणी शेतीसाठी पुरवले नाही, तर या वेळीही टंचाईचा सामना करावा लागणार आहे.

पुण्यात उकाडा जाणवू लागला आहे. त्यामुळे पुण्याला पाणी पुरवणाऱ्या धरणांच्या पाणीसाठय़ाबाबत सर्वानाच उत्सुकता आहे. पुणे शहराला पानशेत, खडकवासला, वरसगाव आमि टेमघर या धरणांचे पाणी मिळते. त्यांची उपयुक्त साठय़ाची एकूण क्षमता २९.१५ टीएमसी आहे. या वर्षी शुक्रवारी सकाळपर्यंत (१३ मार्च) या धरणांमध्ये एकूण १४.२८ टीएमसी म्हणजे सुमारे ४९ टक्के पाणीसाठा होता. गेल्या वर्षांशी तुलना करता ही साठा दोन टक्क्य़ांनी कमीच आहे.

पुणे पाटबंधारे सर्कलचे अधीक्षक अभियंता अतुल कपोले यांनी दिलेल्या माहितीनुसार, पुण्याला दर महिन्याला साधारणत: सव्वा टीएमसी इतके पाणी पुरवले जाते. संपूर्ण वर्षांला पुणे शहराला एकूण १६.३५ टीएमसी इतके पाणी दिले जाते. याशिवाय या धरणांचे पाणी ग्रामीण भागात शेतीसाठी पुरवले जाते. हा सारा हिशेब पाहता, पुण्यासाठी १५ जुलैपर्यंत आणखी सव्वापाच टीएमसी पाणी पुरवले जाईल. याशिवाय शेतीसाठी दोन आवर्तने आणि बाष्पीभवन यांचा विचार करता आता उपलब्ध असलेले पाणी काठावर पुरेल अशी स्थिती आहे. शेतीच्या एका आवर्तनासाठी सुमारे पावणेचार टीएमसी पाणी लागते. तसेच, सुमारे दीड टीएमसी पाणी बाष्पीभवनाद्वारे उडून जाईल. हे पाहता पुण्यात या वर्षीसुद्धा १५ जुलैच्या पुढे पाणी पुरवायचे असेल, तर काटकसर करावी लागेल किंवा इतर मार्गानी पाण्याची उपलब्धता वाढवावी लागेल.
पुणे महापालिकेच्या नियोजनानुसार, महत्त्वाकांक्षी जलप्रक्रिया प्रकल्प १ मे पर्यंत कार्यान्वित करण्याचे नियोजन आहे. तसे झाले तर पुण्यातून दर महिन्याला सुमारे अर्धा टीएमसी पाणी (वर्षांला एकूण साडेसहा टीएमसी) शेतीयोग्य करून ते शेतीसाठी पुरवता येईल. तसे झाले तर मे व जून महिन्याचे मिळून आणखी एक टीएमसी पाणी पुण्याला वापरण्यासाठी उपलब्ध होऊ शकेल. मात्र, या प्रकल्पाला विलंब झाल्यास पुण्यात गेल्या वर्षांप्रमाणे पाणीटंचाई स्थिती उद्भवण्याचा धोका आहे. पुणे महापालिकेचा जलशुद्धीकरण प्रकल्पांचा आतापर्यंतचा इतिहास पाहता, हे प्रकल्प वेळेवर पूर्ण झालेले नाहीत. त्यामुळे या वेळी काय होते, याबाबत उत्सुकता आहे.

स्त्रोत : लोकसत्ता

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More PCMC areas to get 24×7 water

The Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation (PCMC) may soon initiate work on 24×7 water supply in more areas. The civic body will prepare a detailed project report (DPR) to chalk out the requirements and implementation process of the plan, which will be submitted to the state government for approval.

The Union and state governments had earlier approved a DPR for water supply in 40% of the municipal limits. The new DPR is being proposed for the remaining 60% of the municipal limits.

Executive engineer, PCMC’s water supply department said that the civic body had earlier appointed Hyderabad-based Administrative Staff College of India to prepare a report to implement the round-the-clock water supply plan in about 40% of the municipal limits. This report has been submitted to the state government. In December 2013, the Union government approved the project under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, where the total estimated cost of the project is Rs 143.17 crore. The Union and state governments will bear 50% and 20% of the project, respectively, while the civic body will bear the remaining expenditure. This project has to be completed in two years.

As part of the project, the civic body will be strengthening the water supply network in the selected areas by laying additional water pipelines. However, no new elevated storage servoir will be built during the project.

Source: timesofindia, Feb’14
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New water treatment plant near Parvati soon

The Standing Committee of the Pune Municipal Corporation (PCMC), on Monday, approved a bid of Rs 171 crore to set up a new water treatment plant at Parvati. The work of the plant will be completed in the next 30 months.

Standing Committee Chairman said that the Centre has approved the project under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) to build a new water treatment plant next the existing water work at Parvati.

Under the JNNURM projects, the Central government bear 50 percent of the project cost, the State government gives 20 percent and the remaining 30 percent is borne by the local civic body.
City Engineer said that the PMC has 12 acres of land near the Parvati water treatment plant, which will be used for establishing the new treatment plant. The new plant will treat 500 million litres per day (MLD) of water.

 

This plant will mainly provide water to the Cantonment area. At present, there is a water treatment plant at the Cantonment but it is 125 years old. The leakage ratio is high in the Cantonment plant and it can malfunction any time.
The PMC has two water treatment plants at Parvati, each having a capacity of 250 MLD. The plants are old – one was commissioned in the year 1968 and the second one was built in 1970. Considering this, the PMC has decided to construct a new plant at Parvati.
In this project, the PMC will also set up a closed water pipeline from Parvati to the Pune Cantonment water treatment plant to supply the treated water and distribute it to other parts of the city.

Source: sakaltimes,Jan’14

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Rainwater harvesting must for new buildings

PUNE: The standing committee on Tuesday approved a resolution to make rainwater harvesting system mandatory for all new constructions and existing government owned buildings in the city. The committee also approved the heritage walk proposal.

The committee’s chairman Baburao Chandere said, “The members unanimously approved the resolution that new buildings that will come up in the city must have rainwater harvesting. Old buildings owned by the government and civic body should develop them.”

Ward level funds allocated to corporators for development works could be used for cleaning of wells, the committee resolved. “Water scarcity is looming large and the municipal commissioner has ordered the acquisition of wells. Corporators can use their local funds to clean wells and make the water potable,” said Chandere.
The committee also approved a heritage walk proposal, but without a tonga ride. The idea is to introduce the old historical city of Pune to tourists and the new generation and to showcase rich heritage structures located in the old city. The heritage walk will be started with the help of Janwani of the Mahratta Chamber of Commerce, Industries and Agriculture.
A proposal about implementing the project on daily basis came up before the standing committee. There are around 250 heritage structures in old Pune including the historic Lal Mahal, Shaniwarwada, Vishrambaugwada, Kasba Ganpati and Mahatma Phule Mandai. A heritage walk will be undertaken on the 2.5 km stretch from Shaniwarwada to Vishrambaugwada which also includes Shivaji Pul-Ghorpade Ghat, Lal Mahal, Kasba Ganpati, Nana Wada, Nagar Wachan Mandir, Belbaug, Mahatma Phule Mandai and Tulshibaug Ram temple.

Chandere said the tonga ride was cancelled because citizens and tourists would have to pay heavy fees.

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Rainwater harvesting must before digging borewell

The elected members of Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) are considering a proposal to make the rain water harvesting (RWH) compulsory before permitting borewells in the city.

A proposal has been tabled by Medha Kulkarni, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) corporator, which states that groundwater level in the city has gone down, but people are opting for borewells. So implementation of RWH should be made compulsory. The standing committee will consider the proposal soon.

“People who are using borewells are responsible for the lowering the groundwater level so they should also take efforts for recharging of water table. If anybody wants to dig a borewell in his or her establishment, he or she should first install a RWH system. The authorities should not give permission to dig borewell without RWH,” stated the proposal.

Pune city has 7.2 lakh registered properties out of which owners of only around 5,000 properties have installed the RWH systems.
The experts too stress on the importance of RWH in the city. They experts have said that Pune has hilltop and hillslopes and abundant rainfall. All this rainwater flows away since little is being done to stop it through RWH.

There are two ways to harvest rainwater – rooftop RWH and surface rain water harvesting. Rooftop system is the one where rainwater from the roof is collected and directed into a borewell pipe after filtration or stored in a storage tank and used for non-potable requirements. Collection of rainwater that falls on the ground is called surface rain water harvesting. This water is poluted as it comes in contact with the ground, so it should be used to recharge the groundwater by means of filtering recharge pits. Installing a rainwater harvesting system in an existing building can cost between Rs 2,000 and Rs 30,000 for an area of about 300 sq m.

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